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  • A new Pterinochilus species from South Africa (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Harpactirinae).

Revision, cladistic analysis, and zoogeography of Vitalius, Nhandu, and Proshapalopus; with notes on other theraphosine genera (Araneae, Theraphosidae)

Rogério Bertani , 2001

Abstract
The 16 species of the South American theraphosine genera Vitalius Lucas, Silva Junior & Bertani, 1993; Nhandu Lucas, 1981; and Proshapalopus Mello-Leitfio, 1923 are described, keyed, illustrated, diagnosed, and a cladistic analysis using 30 terminals and 35 characters is provided. Vitalius comprises nine species ofwhich 4 are newly described: Vitalius paranaensis, Y. longisternalis, Y. buecherli, andy' lucasae. Pterinopelma dubium Mello-Leimo, 1923 and P. vellutinum Mello-Leitfio, 1923 are removed from the synonymy of P. wacketi and these three species are transferred to Vitalius. Pamphobeteus communis Piza, 1939 is removed from the synonymy of Vitalius sorocabae Mello-Leitfio, 1923 and placed in the synonymy of Vitali us dubius (Mello-Leitfio, 1923); Pamphobeteus insularis Mello-Leitfio, 1923, Pamphobeteus masculus Piza, 1939 andPamphobeteus litoralis Piza, 1976 are removedfrom the synonymy of Vitali us platyomma (Mello-Leitfio, 1923) and placed in the synonymy of Vitali us wacketi (MeUo-Leitfio, 1923); Pamphobeteus cucullatus Mello-Leitfio, 1923, Pamphobeteus urbanicolus Soares, 1941, Pamphobeteus ypirangensis Soares, 1941, Pamphobeteus mus Piza, 1944, and Pamphobeteus cesteri (Mello-Leitfio, 1923) are placed in the synonymy of Vitalius dub ius (Mello-Leitfio, 1923); Pamphobeteus cephalopheus Piza, 1944 is removed from the synonymy of Vitali us roseus (Mello-Leitfio, 1923) and placed in the synonymy ofVitalius vellutinus (Mello-Leitfio, 1923). Pamphobeteus rondoniensis Mello-Leitfio, 1923; Pamphobeteus tetracanthus Mello-Leitfio, 1923; Pamphobeteus exsul Mello-Leitfio, 1923; and Pamphobeteus platyomma Mello-Leitfio, 1923 are considered "nomina dubia". The male of V. roseus Mello-Leitfio, 1923 is described for first time.

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Species mentioned

Nhandu cerradensis Bertani, 2001

Brazil

Proshapalopus amazonicus Bertani, 2001

Brazil

Vitalius buecherli Bertani, 2001

Brazil

Vitalius longisternalis Bertani, 2001

Brazil, Argentina

Vitalius lucasae Bertani, 2001

Brazil

Vitalius paranaensis Bertani, 2001

Brazil, Argentina