This is the description of a new species of the genus Psalmopoeus, which is mainly recognizable by its unique coloration and the northern distribution range.
The new theraphosid Megaphobema velvetosoma
n. sp. described in the paper from Ecuador is very closely related to Megaphobema robustu (Ausserer, 1875)
but differs by velvet-brown (female) respectively brown-blackish (male) colour. The ventral tibia spur bears a long spine spine-shaped process. the spermatheca is regurarly rounded.
En Febrero de 1992 el Doctor G. Scbmidt publico un trabajo sobre el genero
Cyrtopholis, en el cual el rectifica la revision de Bryant, quien situada la Cyrtopholis gibbosus
Franganillo 1936 en el genero Sphaerobothria . En su investigación el mismo utiliza el igual
tipo de ejemplar que utilizara Bryant. Bryant determino su ejemplar procedente de San Bias
como Cyrtopholis gibbosus Franganillo 1936. Teniendo en cuenta el articulo de Scbmidt y la
propagación de esta conocida especie en Cuba llego a la conclusion de que no se trata de la
especie descrita por Franganillo. La conclusión del trabajo de Bryant, de la comparación con
la primera descripción y de los materiales obtenidos en las localidades me dan razon
indudablemente que se trataba de un error.
En Enero de este año se dio la posibilidad de realizar una expedición en el territorio de San
Bias, alli se pudieron encontrar algunos ejemplares de la especie nombrada, facilmente pude
llegar a la conclusion de que se trataba de otro tipo de ejemplar con la parte cefalica
desarrollada, la cual describo a continuacion.
The new Pamphobeteus species differs from all other species of
th is genus by smaller body size, shorter legs andin living specimens by pink cobalt
iridescent femora in both sexes, present also in juveniles, and in females by its
Chaetopelma anatolicum is the first known Theraphosid spider from Turkey. It differs from all other species of this genus by its apically divided receptacles and by a comb on the tibial spur containing 17 longer spines in one row.
The new species belongs to the new genus Thrixopelma which differs from
Paraphysa Simon, 1892 by denticulated tarsal claws, absence of spikes on all
coxae which are present in Paraphysa manicata Simon, 1892 and absence of
basally situated spines on Metatarsus I, also present in Paraphysa manicata and
in the female of P. pulcherrimaklaasi Schmidt, 1991. T. ockerti sp. n. has a small
stripe builded by white plumose urticating hairs on femur of palps prolaterally
situated. Its spermatheca consists of two pointed-cap-like receptacula seminis.
The new Tapinauchenius species can be distinguished from T. gigas DI CAPORIACCO, 1954 by its shorter legs, other dentition of chelicera and the front row of eyes less weakly procurved. The spermathecae differs from that of T. plumipes (C. L. KOCH, 1842) by thicker receptacula seminis which end with 5 or 6 small ovoides instead of one knob as in other species of this genus.
The new species P. horrida differs from P. manicata by size, short teeth on
some of the paired claws and the shape of the spermathecae. Paraphysa
phrixotrichoides STRAND, 1907 and P. pulcherimaklaasi SCHMIDT,
1991 are transferred to Phrixotrichus.
The new species Brachypelmides klaasi
differs from all the species of the Brachypelma
genus by its sharply pointed embolus, its bipartite spermathecae and its fine bearing of plumose setae on femur IV. It is the first representative of a new genus.
Over the last three years I have been engaged in the preparation and writing of a complete revision of the theraphosid genera of North America and Mexico. 11115 has meant a great deal of time spent both in the museum and in the field, and which has involved much correspondence with like—minded enthusiasts, One of the most valuable of these has been the amateur German arachnologist Marc: Baungarten from Essen, who has assisted me greatly with new-found specimens of the Brachypelm genus from Mexico. Some of these newr specimens are similar to material which the German arachmlogist Gunther Schnidt is at the moment preparing as a paper to be published in Arachnologischer Anzeiger. One from a locality nearby is yet another new species. This material, Hr. Baungarten assures me , has only been collected by himself and only I am in receipt of dead material. Dr. Gunther Schmidt has kindly sent me data of the new species and new genus which he in shortly to describe, and the new species B. bangarteni does not correlate with these descriptions, not previously described material of the genus, which I have described in my forthcoming book. Schmidt'a new species, including B. auratun (which he described in August 1992] will feature in this publication.
On 1 July 1991, Klaas P. G. Schmidt was sent to a package containing South America and Central spiders (preserved in alcohol) and exuviae, among which also included two males of an unknown species of Brachypelma.
Aphonopelma paloma new species, is distinguished from all other North American tarantulas by its unusually small size and presence of setae partially or completely dividing the scopula of tarsus IV in both sexes. Both sexes also are characterized by a general reduction of the scopula on metatarsus IV . Males are
characterized by a swollen third femur.
A new species of the genus Ephebopus Simon, 1892, E. uatuman, is described from the Amazonean Region of Brazil. Concerning E. violaceus Mello Leitao, 1930, type misplaced or lost despite registered in the Arachnological Collection of the Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, we conclude, after the short description of the author, that this species exhibit characteristics of the genus Avicularia, since the first ocular row is very procurve. The total length of only 23mm, the design on the dorsal side of the abdomen and the division of the posterior tarsal scopulae suggests that the specimen is a juvenile. Therfore two are the Brazilian species of the genus Ephebopus: E. murinus and E. uatuman.