On the taxonomic placement of four African Phoneyusa species (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Eumenophorinae)
Phoneyusa elephantiasis Berland, 1917 is illustrated,
redescribed and, along with Phoneyusa celerierae Smith, 1990
and Phoneyusa efuliensis Smith, 1990, transferred to the genus
Hysterocrates Simon, 1892. Type material of Hysterocrates
gigas Pocock, 1897 and topotypes of Phoneyusa lesserti Dresco,
1973 are illustrated for comparison. Phoneyusa nigroventris
(Marx, 1893) is treated as nomen dubium.