We present the first record for Theraphosa apophysis (Tinter, 1991) for Brazil. A male of T. apophysis was collected in São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas state, Brazil. This is the third species of Theraphosa in Brazil along with T. blondi (Latreille, 1804) and T. stirmi Rudloff & Weinmann, 2010.
The new records on the distribution of Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica Smith, 2004 from Chinnar is reported. The diagnosis, images and distributional map are also provided.
The Brazilian spider fauna comprises thousands
of described species, mostly known by only one or two
records, and there are large sampling gaps. The spider
fauna of the state of Roraima is enigmatic in Brazil and
remains largely unknown. Herein, we present a list of
spider species recently collected during an expedition in
Roraima. Species-level identifications were possible for
229 adult individuals of 54 species. Five species are newly
recorded from Brazil, and 30 species are presented for the
first time from Roraima. Most of these new records are
represented by widespread species, representing the huge
and historical deficiency in the spider sampling throughout
The known distribution range of Poecilotheria striata Pocock, 1895 in India is from Mysuru in the north to Thiruvananthapuram in the south. During the recent surveys in northern Karnataka, P. striata was recorded from six locations in Dandeli and nearby areas in the Uttara Kannada District. With the new records from Uttara Kannada, the distribution range of this species extends to the northern part of the Western Ghats by ca. 400km from Mysuru. Additional records on distribution of P. striata are also provided from various surveys carried out in the last 10 years. Based on these new records, the IUCN Red List status of P. striata is recommended to be reassessed as Near Threatened. Additional information on the morphology and natural history of P. striata is provided in the paper.
Zoo Outreach Organisation; www.zoosprint.org 1668 The Nallamala (15 0 20'-16 0 31'N & 78 0 30'-80 0 10'E) is a group of low hill ranges in the central part of Eastern Ghats. It is an unbroken chain of rugged hills spread over 7,640km 2 (Srinivasulu & Nagulu, 2002). The vegetation is typically of southern tropical dry deciduous and southern tropical moist deciduous forest types intermingled with scrub (Champion & Seth, 1968). The climate is generally hot and dry with temperature rising up to 43 0 C to 45 0 C during May and dips down to 8 0 C in December. Average rainfall in this region is between 900 to l,000mm. It includes two protected areas, namely the Nagarjuanasagar Srisailam Wildlife Sanctuary and the Gundla Brahmeshwaram Metta Wildlife Sanctuary. Surveys were carried out in selected locations of Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve) from December 2001 onwards to document the faunal diversity. During the survey we sighted Poecilotheria regalis Pocock, 1899 in different locations. To study these large bodied spiders we basically relied on indirect evidence including exuvia and silk lined burrows/holes on tree trunks.