Andrew Smith


Revision of the genus Phormingochilus with the description of three new species from Sulawesi and Sarawak and notes on the placement of the genera Cyriopagopus, Lampropelma and Omothymus

Andrew Smith, Michael A Jacobi ,2015

Three new arboreal theraphosid spiders of the genus Phormingochilus Pocock, 1895 are here described from Sulawesi and Sarawak, Borneo: Phormingochilus carpenteri sp. nov., P. kirki sp. nov., and P. pennellhewletti sp. nov. The genus has been revised and historical species redescribed. The authors have also discussed the placement of the Ornithoctoninae genera Cyriopagopus Simon, 1887, Lampropelma Simon, 1892 and Omothymus Thorell, 1891 and, after an examination of the type material, concluded that Cyriopagopus is a senior synonym of the genus Haplopelma Simon, 1892 and that the genus Omothymus needs to be restored to house the arboreal Malaysian mainland species schioedtei (Thorell, 1891) and thorelli (Simon, 1901), which were formerly assigned to the genus Cyriopagopus but have now been restored to their original placement. We have also concluded, on examination of the type material that the female of Lampropelma violaceopes Abraham, 1924 from Southern Malaysia should be removed from the genus Lampropelma (whose distribution at present, we believe to be limited to Lampropelma nigerrimum from Sangihe (Sangir) Island) and placed in the genus Omothymus, whereas the male, from Penang, is deemed to be a misidentified specimen of Cyriopagopus (Omothymus) schioedtei.

A new species of the arboreal theraphosid, genus Poecilotheria, from southern India (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Theraphosidae) with notes on its conservation status.

Andrew Smith ,2004

A new species of theraphosid spider, of the genus Poecilotheria is described from southern India. Although having been collected previously and noted on three occasions in the historical record, the spider was erroneously thought to be P. fasciata (Latreille, 1804) from the island of Sri Lanka. The new spider, Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica sp. n. is named after the holy site on which it was found and can be readily distinguished from P. fasciata by the unbroken black band on the ventral surface of femur IV, the pale colour of the basal half of the metatarsus and the beautiful lilac/violet bloom that is the dominant colour of the ventral surfaces of the posterior legs. In P. fasciata, the black band is broken, the metatarsus dark and the dominant colour of the rear legs is a cold blue grey. Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica is thought to have a fragmented distribution in the south-east corner of Southern India – a range that in the past, probably extended south of Madurai and westwards to the foothills of the Western Ghats and the Agastya Malai range. The area, due to improved irrigation, is coming under increasing pressure from rice cultivation and initial surveys would indicate that, although threatened, a handful of functioning colonies precariously survive in the Ramanad desert region. Agriculture in this region was historically limited to subsistence farming and coconut plantations, but proposed Government irrigation projects now threaten this fragile equilibrium and raise the question – is it feasible to establish the largest colony, at the Hanumavilasum Temple site as a Tiger Spider Sanctuary? The spider has a historical presence on Rameswaram Island and the Adam Bridge causeway and it is plausible that it may be found in the war torn northern region of Sri Lanka – where no collecting has been undertaken for decades.

A new species of Haplopelma (Araneae: Theraphosidae), with notes on two close relatives

Andrew Smith ,1996

A new species of the genus Haplopelma from Burma is described. Two other closely related species, Haplopelma minax (Thorell) and Haplopelma albostriatum (Simon), are redescribed.

Chaetopelma anatolicum sp. n., (Araneida: Theraphosidae: Ischnocolinae), eine Vogelspinne aus der Türkei

Gunter Schmidt, Andrew Smith ,1995

Chaetopelma anatolicum is the first known Theraphosid spider from Turkey. It differs from all other species of this genus by its apically divided receptacles and by a comb on the tibial spur containing 17 longer spines in one row.

A new mygalomorph spider from Mexico (Brachypelma, Theraphosidae, Arachnida) Brachypelma baumgarteni n. sp

Andrew Smith ,1993

Over the last three years I have been engaged in the preparation and writing of a complete revision of the theraphosid genera of North America and Mexico. 11115 has meant a great deal of time spent both in the museum and in the field, and which has involved much correspondence with like—minded enthusiasts, One of the most valuable of these has been the amateur German arachnologist Marc: Baungarten from Essen, who has assisted me greatly with new-found specimens of the Brachypelm genus from Mexico. Some of these newr specimens are similar to material which the German arachmlogist Gunther Schnidt is at the moment preparing as a paper to be published in Arachnologischer Anzeiger. One from a locality nearby is yet another new species. This material, Hr. Baungarten assures me , has only been collected by himself and only I am in receipt of dead material. Dr. Gunther Schmidt has kindly sent me data of the new species and new genus which he in shortly to describe, and the new species B. bangarteni does not correlate with these descriptions, not previously described material of the genus, which I have described in my forthcoming book. Schmidt'a new species, including B. auratun (which he described in August 1992] will feature in this publication.

Taxonomy focus

Andrew Smith ,1993

Species described or mentioned