The new genus Neoholothele
is herein described based on the results of a recent phylogenetic analysis. This phylogeny, which included representatives of all Theraphosidae
subfamilies, showed that the genus Holothele
, as hitherto defined, does not comprise a monophyletic group. Neoholothele
gen. nov. is diagnosed by the following features: males and females with dark carapace and golden cephalic region; females with striped color pattern on the abdomen dorsum and long and slender spermathecae receptacula; males with retrolateral branch of male tibial spur with apical end wider than proximal end (synapomorphy), with two apical spines. It comprises two species: N. incei
(F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898) comb. nov. and N. fasciaaurinigra
sp. nov., both from northern South America.