Bonnetina hobbit Ortiz & Francke, 2017

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IUCN Status
IUCN Red List Status

Taxonomy and History

Scientific Name : Bonnetina hobbit
  • Described By: Ortiz & Francke, 2017
  • Researcher Profile: David Ortiz, Oscar F. Francke
  • Genus: Bonnetina
  • Etymology: The specific name is a noun in apposition after the hobbits, fictional humanoid beings in the novels ‘The Hobbit’ and ‘The Lord of the Rings’, by the English writer John Ronald Reuel Tolkien.
  • Original Type Locality: Guerrero State: Mártir de Cuilapán municipality: 2.8 km road Apango to Zotoltitlán: Barranca del Tigre: 1300 masl

Specimen Records

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Adult Male Activity

  • Reconciling morphological and molecular systematics in tarantulas (Araneae: Theraphosidae): revision of the Mexican endemic genus Bonnetina

    David Ortiz, Oscar F. Francke ,2017

    Systematics has been formally implemented for about 250 years. In the last decades it has suffered great intellectual change, with the embrace of phylogenetic theory and the availability of molecular information. Here we conduct a systematic revision of Bonnetina, a group of tarantulas endemic to Mexico. Species delimitation is mainly conducted from the integration of morphological and molecular information. The mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) marker is used as molecular barcode, and two formal molecular delimitation methods are employed: Hard-Gap barcoding and Poisson Tree Process. In a few cases, we used geographic distribution modelling for predicting the potential distribution of species. We also make a deeper than usual integration of the molecular information in the taxonomy of the group, by providing combined morphological and molecular diagnoses of the species. From our data, we provide a new diagnosis of Bonnetina and recognize the existence of 17 solidly supported species in the genus, 10 of which are newly described. We provide a COI reference alignment to ease future molecular identifications of Bonnetina species. Our work highlights the importance of using several sources of evidence to the species delimitation problem, because any single view is prone to give biased results.

This species is mentioned in the following resources :

Habitat and Type Locality